Resources


Chronic Pain

Understanding pain (5 min video)

There is no pain without the brain: Understanding the basics of pain (article)

Gate Control Theory of Pain (3 min video: go to "projects" on right-hand side, then "what is pain")

Gate Control Theory of Pain (short article): Center for Integrated Health Care

Opening and Closing the Pain Gates: Veritas Health

The role of psychology in pain: Stanford (video)

CBT for chronic pain (APA) 

Psychological interventions for chronic pain (Journal of Psych Research and Behavior Management)

Eleven pain control techniques (article) 

Distraction techniques for pain (Journal: PAIN - see picture at bottom of page)

Mindfulness, distraction effective for pediatric pain (Int Assoc for the Study of Pain)

Mood & attention regulate the experience of pain (NPR)

Thoughts Shape Pain (Neuro Journal)

Pain catastrophizing: Negative mood states and negative thoughts affect pain (Journal: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics)

The impact of mood on pain: Laughter as Medicine  (Scientific American)

GI distress: How your brain can affect your stomach (article) 

Brain-Body Connection: Somatization

Mindfulness for managing chronic pain (PsychCentral)

Mind-Body approach to pain (Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, UCSF)

"Alternatives to drugs for treating pain" (NY Times)

 

The funniest ever version of the pain scale, in case you need to laugh.

 

 

Missing School/ School Avoidance 

Should my child go to school with pain? (Harvard Medical School/Boston Children's Hospital) 

School Refusal (ADAA)

Getting kids in pain to school (article for parents)

Helping kids with pain get out of bed (article for parents)

Why are more teenagers than ever suffering from severe anxiety? How missing school makes anxiety, stress and pain worse (NY Times 2017) 

Returning to school helps the brain recover from pain, headaches and concussions (getschooledonconcussions.com)

 

 

Migraines & Headaches

Understanding Pain (5 min video)

Gate Control Theory of Pain (3 min video: go to "projects" on right-hand side, then "what is pain")

Headache relief guide: Strategies for coping with pain (Children's Mercy Hospital)

CBT helps pediatric migraines (JAMA)

Screen time is associated with increased risk of migraines in children (International Headache Society)

Behavioral treatment for migraines in children and adolescents 

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Plus Amitriptyline for Chronic Migraine in Children and Adolescents (JAMA)

Exercise helps migraines & headaches (American Migraine Foundation)

Migraine Guide (American Chronic Pain Assoc)

Relaxation techniques effective for headaches and migraine (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health)

*Should my child go to school with pain? (Harvard Medical School/Boston Children's Hospital)

 

 

Central Sensitization  / CRPS / Amplified pain

(see Chronic Pain, above)

Understanding CRPS  (Mayo Clinic)

Pain itself can change how pain works: Central sensitization

Central Sensitization: Brains become more sensitive to pain after prolonged exposure to it

How CBT can de-sensitize and re-train your brain: neuroplasticity video

 Amplified pain, CRPS & CBT (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia)

 CBT can help treat Central Sensitization in people struggling with pain

Pediatric CRPS: background, treatment options and CBT

*Should my child go to school with pain? (Harvard Medical School/Boston Children's Hospital)

 

 

Concussion/ TBI

Post-concussive syndrome treatment: Mayo Clinic

Kids should return to school to help the brain recover from a concussion (getschooledonconcussions.com)

CBT and other interventions for post-concussive syndrome and TBIs (American Psychological Association and UC Denver medical school)

Tips for helping kids recover from a concussion: American Academy of Pediatrics

Graduated "return to play" program for pediatric concussion & TBI (Rocky Mtn Hospital for Children)

 

Fibromyalgia

Gate Control Theory of Pain (3 min video: go to "projects" on right-hand side, then "what is pain")

Pain, stress, and fibromyalgia (article)

Central sensitization and fibromyalgia (article)

CBT for pediatric fibromyalgia and chronic pain (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia)

Pacing for fibromyalgia

 

Juvenile Arthritis

(see also: Chronic Pain, Central Sensitization)

Pain management for children with juvenile arthritis (kidsgetarthritistoo.org)

 

 

Tics

How to explain tics to kids: "There's a part of your brain that controls movement. It communicates with your body through electrical energy. Tics happen when this part of your brain gets 'overly excited' and sends electrical signals to your body when it doesn't need to. This results in an involuntary movement, or a tic."

CBiT: CBT for tic disorders (Tourette Assoc of America)

What is CBT for tics? (Cincinnati Children's Hospital) 

Common questions about CBT for childhood tics (tourette.org)

CBiT provider toolkit: info about tics, causes, prevalence & treatment (Tourette Association of America)

Habit reversal therapy: using a premonitory signal to reduce tics (Child Mind Institute, video) 

 

 

Anxiety & Stress

Relationship between chronic pain and anxiety: Institute for Chronic Pain

Anxiety and catastrophizing mediate the effect of pain in teens (journal article)

Physical Effects of Stress on the body (APA)

Time management tips for stress management

Anxiety and stress negatively affect pain: 50 signs and symptoms of stress

Anxiety in Children (AACAP)

School Refusal (ADAA)

Try CBT before meds for insomnia (article)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Anxiety: 

Child Mind Institute

Mayo Clinic 

 

Depression

Symptoms of depression in kids and teens (Mayo Clinic)

Serotonin & endorphins: increase "happy hormones" to improve mood

Chronic pain, depression & anxiety in adolescents

Exercise, nature & being social  can improve mood and self-esteem

CBT for depression in kids and teens (Society of Child & Adolescent Clinical Psych)

Laughter & depression: Harvard Neuroscience Institute

Effects of laughter on the brain: Livestrong

Self-injury: Why do teens cut? (Mayo Clinic)

 

 

Biofeedback 

Biofeedback and Relaxation: definition

Biofeedback for headaches

Efficacy of biofeedback for headaches (journal article)

Four apps to relieve tension 

Underpinnings of biofeedback: The Skin You're In (Dr. Erik Peper)

HOW TO FIND a Biofeedback Provider

 

 

 Sleep

Sleep hygiene: 5 tips for sleeping well, with or without pain! (Tonya Palermo)

Melatonin suppression: Why screens disrupt kids' sleep cycles (Scientific American)

App: Relax Melodies (for iPhone + Android)

SEE Guided Audio, below

 

Books!

Books for children:

Be the Boss of Your Pain: Self-Care for Kids, by Rebecca Kajander and Timothy Culbert

GrrrOUCH!: Pain is Like a Grouchy Bear, by Cathryn Morgan

Imagine a Rainbow: A Child’s Guide for Soothing Pain, by Brenda Miles

 

Books for parents:

Managing Your Child’s Chronic Pain, by Tonya Palermo and Emily Law

A Child in Pain: How to Help, What to do, by Leora Kuttner

Conquering Your Child’s Chronic Pain, by Lonnie Zeltzer

Relieve Your Child’s Chronic Pain, by Elliot Krane

Book list: Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario

Book list: Sick Kids Learning Institute

 

 

Guided Audio for Relaxation & Pain

Relaxation Audio: Guided Meditations, UCLA

 

Relaxation Audio: Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; under "Practices" on the left)

 

Relaxation Audio: Palermo, Seattle Children's Hospital (middle of the page)

 

Relaxation Audio: Dawn Buse

 

Relaxation audio + video: American Chronic Pain Association

 

Apps for phones: Stop Breathe Think 

                                    Relax Melodies

                                    Rain Rain

                                    A collection of pain trackers and apps

 

 

 

 

** Dr. Zoffness is not responsible for the content, claims or representations of the listed sites.

This information does not constitute or replace therapeutic or medical advice.**